We follow the DfE approved Letters and Sounds phonics program at Lady Margaret Primary School.


The information below shows the order in which phonics is taught in school:


Phonics sessions are taught daily at Lady Margaret Primary School from the beginning of the Foundation Stage to the end of Year 2. At Lady Margaret, we follow the Letters and Sounds programme. This scheme is grouped into phases and pupils progress from phase 1 to phase 6. At the very beginning, children focus on listening and exploring sounds. They then develop an understanding of what graphemes and phonemes are and use this knowledge to help them with their reading and writing.

To learn more about the programme, please see the link below:

Phonics Glossary

blending Blending is the skill of joining sounds together to read words. Children are taught to say the separate sounds in a word and to then blend them together to decode the word.
 digraph  A digraph is a sound that is represented by two letters e.g. the sound ‘a’ in rain is represented by the digraph ‘ai’.

A grapheme is a visual representation of a sound e.g. a letter or a group of letters.

Some sounds are represented by a single letter whilst others are represented by more than one letter.

 phoneme  A phoneme is a unit of sound e.g. the word ‘cat’ contains three phonemes; c – a – t.
 segmenting  Segmenting is the opposite of blending. Children are taught to segment a word into its separate sounds in order to spell it.
 split digraph  A split digraph is a digraph that is separated by other letters e.g. the sound ‘a’ in the word take is represented by the split digraph a-e.​


The following 3 videos demonstrate how to correctly pronounce the sounds that the children will learn during their phonics’ sessions in Reception and Year 1. In Reception they will cover Phase 2 and Phase 3 whilst Phase 5 is mainly learnt throughout Year 1. It will help your child with both reading and writing to practise these sounds daily. If you would like more information about phonics, please ask your child’s teacher.

Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 2 SOUNDS

Phase 2 is taught during the Autumn Term in Reception. It focuses on teaching the single sounds that make up many simple words in the English language. Children learn to recognise, say and write these sounds. They also learn to blend these sounds together in order to read words. They learn to segment words into the sounds that they are made up from which forms the basis of spelling.

At the same time, children will be learning to read on sight the 24 Phase 2 High Frequency words which include the tricky words, I no go to the.

Most children will be confident with these skills by the end of Autumn Term in Reception and will be ready to move onto Phase 3.

Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 3 SOUNDS

Phase 3 is usually taught during the Spring term of Reception. It introduces digraphs and trigraphs ( sounds that are made up of 2 and three letters).

Just as in Phase 2, children are encouraged to sound out and blend together words containing these sounds in order to read, and to segment words into sounds in order to write. Children should be able to read Phase 3 High Frequency Words and spell Phase 2 High Frequency words.

Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 5 SOUNDS

Phase 5 is taught throughout Year 1. It covers alternatives ways of spelling sounds that have been learnt already. It also teaches the most common spelling rules for these sounds so that children can make a ‘best guess’ about which spelling to use.

Children should be able to read Phase 5 High Frequency Words and spell Phase 4 High Frequency words and should be able to attempt spelling most words using a phonetic approach. Children will be taking home a mix of spellings that focus on the phonic sounds covered each week and the Year 1 spelling patterns given by the National Curriculum.

In June of Year 1, all children will take a phonics screening test. This is a national test taken by all children in England. There will be more information provided about this during the year.

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