We follow the DfE approved Letters and Sounds phonics program at Lady Margaret Primary School.


The following 3 videos demonstrate how to correctly pronounce the sounds that the children will learn during their phonics’ sessions in Reception and Year 1. In Reception they will cover Phase 2 and Phase 3 whilst Phase 5 is mainly learnt throughout Year 1. It will help your child with both reading and writing to practise these sounds daily. If you would like more information about phonics, please ask your child’s teacher.

Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 2 SOUNDS

Phase 2 is taught during the Autumn Term in Reception. It focuses on teaching the single sounds that make up many simple words in the English language. Children learn to recognise, say and write these sounds. They also learn to blend these sounds together in order to read words. They learn to segment words into the sounds that they are made up from which forms the basis of spelling.

At the same time, children will be learning to read on sight the 24 Phase 2 High Frequency words which include the tricky words, I no go to the.

Most children will be confident with these skills by the end of Autumn Term in Reception and will be ready to move onto Phase 3.


Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 3 SOUNDS

Phase 3 is usually taught during the Spring term of Reception. It introduces digraphs and trigraphs ( sounds that are made up of 2 and three letters).

Just as in Phase 2, children are encouraged to sound out and blend together words containing these sounds in order to read, and to segment words into sounds in order to write. Children should be able to read Phase 3 High Frequency Words and spell Phase 2 High Frequency words.

Shows the correct way to say the PHASE 5 SOUNDS

Phase 5 is taught throughout Year 1. It covers alternatives ways of spelling sounds that have been learnt already. It also teaches the most common spelling rules for these sounds so that children can make a ‘best guess’ about which spelling to use.

Children should be able to read Phase 5 High Frequency Words and spell Phase 4 High Frequency words and should be able to attempt spelling most words using a phonetic approach. Children will be taking home a mix of spellings that focus on the phonic sounds covered each week and the Year 1 spelling patterns given by the National Curriculum.

In June of Year 1, all children will take a phonics screening test. This is a national test taken by all children in England. There will be more information provided about this during the year.

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